Why did the Kiwanis care? Founded in Detroit in 1915, Kiwanis became an international organization a year later with the creation of clubs in Canada. The club celebrated peace and began erecting American-Canadian Amity monuments as early as 1925. Most were along the border, and dozens are still preserved. I live in the 24th and L Street NW building, which was once Columbia`s hospital for women. Every day, I see passers-by stop and wonder what a “headstone” does on the lawn. Of course, it is not a tombstone, but a monument that marks the Rush Bagot agreement signed in 1817. What can you tell us about the plate and the contract? — Tom Donahue, Washington While these committees were debating border issues, Rush and Gallatin concluded the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, which notably upheld the permanent rights of the United States to fish off Newfoundland and Labrador. The convention also provided for Russian mediation on the issue of runaway slaves at the hands of the United Kingdom (American slave owners eventually obtained financial compensation) and also found that the border ran from angle Inlet in the south to the 49th parallel, and then west with the Rockies. Oregon Country would remain open for both countries for ten years. Although tensions between Britain and the United States remained high along the Great Lakes, relations have generally improved.
Post-war trade recovered and British politicians increasingly viewed the United States as a valuable trading partner, while realizing that Britain would be costly and difficult to defend if another war broke out. On 25 January 1816, when British Minister John Quincy Adams proposed disarmament in the United Kingdom, British Foreign Minister Viscount Castlereagh reacted positively. The British government had already sent Charles Bagot as minister to the United States to improve relations between the two countries. In addition to the issue of great lakes military navigation, the British government was also open to negotiations on a number of other contentious issues that had not been resolved by the Treaty of Gant. Several committees have met to settle border disputes along the U.S. border with Britain. One of these commissions allocated several islands off the coast of Maine to New Brunswick.